(Transcript from SBS World News Radio)
India’s prime minister Narendra Modi has heralded a stronger relationship and unprecedented opportunities for Australia and India to work together.
Mr Modi says Australia and India’s shared legacy founded in democracy ensures that cooperation between the two nations will strengthen every aspect of lives in both countries.
He’s addressed federal parliament in Canberra outlining his plans to establish India – with Australia’s help – as an economic powerhouse in the region.
Amanda Cavill reports.
(Click on the audio tab above to hear the full report)
The first Indian leader to visit Australia in 28 years and the first ever to address the federal parliament, Narendra Modi says Asia looks to Australia as the heart of the Asia Pacific and the Indian Ocean region.
Mr Modi says there are few countries with which India has so much in common.
“India and Australia have a great economic synergy. There are huge opportunities for partnership in every area we can think of – agriculture, agro-processing, resources, energy, finance, infrastructure, education, and science and technology. The economic climate in India has changed. I believe it will be a lot easier to convert opportunities into concrete outcomes.”
Mr Modi says Australia is a vital partner in India’s quest for progress and prosperity.
One priority, he says, is to to bring electricity to India’s 300 million people who don’t have access to reliable power.
The Indian prime minister says he sees Australia as a major partner in every national priority area for India.
“Providing skills and education to our youth. A roof over every head and electricity in every household. The most affordable health care for the most difficult disease, the next generation of infrastructure that does not take a toll on our environment. Energy that does not cause our glaciers to melt. Clean coal and gas, renewable energy, our fuel for nuclear power.”
India and Australia have also committed to reaching a free-trade agreement by the end of 2015.
Introducing Mr Modi to parliament, Prime Minister Tony Abbott spoke about the deal, announced one day after he signed a declaration of intent with China.
Mr Abbott says he’s talked to the Indian Prime Minister about how to “crank up” the trade relationship.
He says Australia has recently negotiated free-trade agreements with Japan, Korea and now China – but he’s not satisfied with just that.
“We want to go further and that’s why the next priority for Australia is a comprehensive economic partnership agreement with India. If I may say so, this is a moment in time. This is the time to get this done. This is the time to turn the warm friendship between Australia and India, the long history that Australia and India have together, into something that will be meaningful, more meaningful for us and significant for the wider world.”
Opposition Leader Bill Shorten started his speech with the traditional greeting “Namaste”, winning applause from the public gallery.
Mr Shorten says it is the duty of Australia and India to build on their national and common values, mutual interests and to elevate and broaden the friendship.
“The great significance of your visit, indeed your leadership, is the paradigm shift in Indian politics from the politics of welfare to the politics of aspiration. I believe our task in this parliament is to build upon our economic relationship, the load-bearing pillar of the Australia-India friendship. To find that complementarity between what India needs for its growth and what Australia can supply: investment, energy, skills and training and services.”
Mr Modi spoke of the strategic challenges in the region, including persisting historic differences between countries despite a growing interdependence.
Relations between India and Australian have been rocky in recent years.
Tensions flared over attacks on Indian students in Melbourne, and two-way trade has remained static at around $15 billion a year, compared to China’s $150 billion trade relationship with Australia.
Japanese substitute Yasuyuki Konno opened the scoring in the 61st minute when he headed the ball into the Australian net after being left unmarked then striker Shinji Okazaki added a second with a spectacular back heel.
Japan missed a string of chances to increase their lead before the Australians pulled one back in stoppage time when the Socceroos’ best player Tim Cahill, who only came on as a late substitute, scored off a header.
“I said last week, I’ll affect the game in a positive way and I did,” Cahill told reporters.
“We played fantastic tonight. We just got to believe.
“We’re fearless. We have nothing to lose. I’m just buzzing for the Asian Cup.”
Despite Cahill’s confidence, Japan are looming as the likely favourites to defend their Asian Cup title when the tournament takes place in Australia in January.
The teams met in the final in 2011, with Japan winning 1-0 in extra-time, and Tuesday’s match was both country’s last warm-up before the 16-nation tournament.
The Australians have lost eight of their last 12 matches and head coach Ange Postecoglou said they clearly needed to improve if they hoped to win on home soil but there were some good signs.
“We lost our shape in the second half. Our first half was positive but the way we let ourselves down, it’s disappointing,” he told reporters.
“I don’t regret bringing Timmy on that late. I needed to blood players. We let ourselves down.
“We still have to get details right. I thought tonight against a really good opponent, for 45-50 minutes we were good.”
(Writing by Julian Linden in Singapore; Editing by Amlan Chakraborty)
US comedian Tracy Morgan is fighting to recover from a severe brain injury suffered in a highway crash more than five months ago, a court has been told.
Morgan’s lawyer, Benedict Morelli, said the former Saturday Night Live and 30 Rock star suffered a traumatic brain injury in the June 7 crash on the New Jersey Turnpike, in addition to a broken leg, nose and ribs.
“He’s fighting to get better, and if there’s a chance for him to be back to the Tracy Morgan he once was, he’s going to try to do that,” Morelli said.
“But we just don’t know because of the severity of the injuries that he sustained and the fact that he had such a severe brain injury.”
Lawyers were in court in New Jersey for a scheduling conference in Morgan’s lawsuit against Wal-Mart.
Morgan wasn’t at Tuesday’s proceeding, during which lawyers met with the judge to settle on a schedule.
A Wal-Mart truck slammed into the back of a limo van that was carrying Morgan and several friends on their way back from a show in Delaware.
One person was killed, and three others were injured, two seriously.
Morgan spent several weeks in the hospital and in rehab.
Morelli didn’t discuss specific aspects of Morgan’s condition, but said he hasn’t fully recovered.
A comedy series Morgan was to have begun filming in August for FX Network was put on hold after the accident.
“We’re hoping and praying to get him back to where he was. But the jury’s out.”
Morgan sued for punitive and compensatory damages.
In a response to the lawsuit filed in late September, Wal-Mart contended the victims’ injuries were partly due to the fact they weren’t wearing seatbelts.
“We have to look into the future and try to address the challenges which may arise in the future and the challenges we have already now,” said International Olympic Committee President Thomas Bach, presenting the IOC’s 40 recommendations.
“We want to show with this procedure that the IOC is opening up, that we are opening a window and we want to have fresh wind coming in,” he told reporters.
The IOC set up working groups, combing through 40,0000 submissions of suggestions for change through their open call for ideas. The proposals will be voted on in December.
Bid cities will no longer need to abide by extensive prerequisites or carry the considerable financial burden.
Four of the six cities bidding for the 2022 winter Games dropped out, fearful of costs and a lack of support, denting the Games’ reputation as a lucrative project.
“There is no one-size-fits-all solution for the organisation of the Olympic Games,” said Bach, adding the IOC would foot part of the bill for bidding, including paying for evaluation commission visits.
Future hosts can also stage events outside the city or even outside the country for reasons of sustainability, breaking with a long Olympic tradition of one host city/nation.
Sports will also not wait seven years from approval to their Olympic first appearance, and instead could be brought in for just one Olympics to maximise the Games’ reach and attraction.
The first Games to benefit could be the Tokyo 2020 Olympics with organisers pushing for the inclusion of baseball and softball.
Organising committees can propose the addition of “one or more additional events” after their city is elected for that one edition of the Games, with the Games programme becoming more events-based rather than sports-based.
The IOC can also propose new events, Bach said, with the only limit to the games size being the 10,500 athletes and not the current 28 sports.
“Now the door is open (for sports). The IOC by itself can also take a decision that we are adding this or that event,” Bach said.
The IOC will also vote on the creation of an Olympic broadcast channel that will benefit by the moving of the Youth Olympics (summer and winter) to a non-Olympic year from 2023.
(Reporting by Karolos Grohmann; Editing by Justin Palmer)
Pike River families will mark the fourth anniversary of the mine disaster less than two weeks after it was decided it would not be possibile to recover the bodies of those killed.
Twenty-nine miners, including two Australians, lost their lives following a series of methane-fuelled explosions at the New Zealand mine on November 19, 2010. Their bodies have never been recovered.
On Wednesday afternoon, buses will take family members past the White Knight bridge and to the mine portal.
For some families it will be their first visit to the mine, says Bernie Monk.
The father of Michael Monk, who was killed in the mine, says he is angry it has taken this long for that to happen.
“For the families, it’s always going to be significant. It’s only in the last two weeks that everyone, except one family, thought they were going into the mine,” he told AAP.
“This is an important time. This is going to be the day people come to the conclusion that it may never happen.”
Earlier this month, state-owned coalminer Solid Energy, which bought the mine after the tragedy, decided it was too dangerous to try and re-enter the mine.
Mines Rescue had been ready to re-enter but Solid Energy’s decision had scuppered that, Mr Monk said.
He was also angry at how Solid Energy had treated the English mine experts who had advised the families on re-entry. “It gave them lip service and totally disregarded what they had to say.”
Mr Monk said he was also frustrated that the mine would now become a conservation park, but that meant $NZ300 million worth of mining infrastructure was now sitting idle when jobs were needed on the Coast.
Mankind’s first-ever probe of a comet found traces of organic molecules and a surface much harder than imagined, scientists say.
Robot lab Philae fell asleep on comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko on Saturday, having run out of onboard battery power after 60 hours of prodding and probing an object zipping towards the Sun at 18 kilometres per second.
The lander control centre in Cologne, operated by German Aerospace Centre (DLR), said Philae had uncovered much about the comet in spite of a rough touchdown in a less-than-perfect spot.
“We are well on our way to achieving a greater understanding of comets,” Ekkehard Kuhrt, project scientific director, said in a statement on Tuesday. “Their surface properties appear to be quite different than was previously thought.”
Philae landed on “67P” last Wednesday after a nail-biting seven-hour descent from Rosetta, its orbiting mothership which had travelled more than a decade and 6.5 billion kilometres to meet up with the comet in August this year.
The touchdown 510 million kilometres from Earth did not go entirely as planned, when Philae’s duo of anchoring harpoons failed to deploy and it bounced twice before ending up in a crevice, its solar panels shadowed from battery-boosting sunlight.
The DLR said the MUPUS probe, one of Philae’s 10 onboard science instruments, hammered into the comet to discover it was “a tough nut to crack”.
Electric and acoustic experiments confirmed the comet was “not nearly as soft and fluffy as it was believed to be” underneath a surface layer of dust.
The team said Philae’s COSAC gas analyser managed to “‘sniff’ the atmosphere and detect the first organic molecules” shortly after landing.
Some astrophysicists theorise that comets “seeded” our fledgling planet with the beginnings of life-giving water and organic molecules, and hoped that analysis of “67P” would prove this.
“Analysis of the spectra and the identification of the molecules are continuing,” said the statement.
Project manager Stephan Ulamec said he was confident Philae would make contact later “and that we will be able to operate the instruments again” as the comet moves closer to the Sun.
The four-times World Player of the Year, who joined Barca’s academy at the age of 13, has not been at his scintillating best over the past 18 months and has also had problems with the Spanish tax authorities.
Now 27, Messi probably has at least five years left at the top of the game and if the right offer was made, likely to be a world record fee in excess of 100 million euros ($125 million), it is not inconceivable he could quit Barca.
Probed about his future plans, Messi told Ole he was living “in the present” and was focusing on winning titles with Barca after failure to secure major silverware in 2013-14.
“After that we’ll see,” he said, when asked if he was still planning to stay at Barca for his entire professional career.
“Things can change a lot in soccer. While I have always said I would like to stay there (at Barca) forever, sometimes things don’t work out the way you would like.”
Quizzed about whether he would choose to leave or whether it would happen because of someone else’s decision, Messi added:
“Yes, I have said it many times. If it was up to me I would stay forever.
“But as I just said, sometimes not everything happens in the way you would like.
“The more so in football, which is so volatile and where so many things happen.
“It’s complicated, the more so during the moments like those Barcelona is experiencing right now.”
Barca are second in La Liga, two points behind Real Madrid after 11 matches, and have qualified for the Champions League knockout round.
(Writing by Iain Rogers, editing by Justin Palmer)
By Camilla Nelson, University of Notre Dame Australia
The news came as something of a shock to a hardened feminist such as myself, but a quick survey of prescribed and suggested texts set for senior English in most Australian states demonstrates this is a fact routinely taught to teenagers in school.
Almost 70% of the texts on the Victorian Certificate of Education English curriculum are by male authors, according to Megan Quinlan, manager of The Stella Prize, the literary organisation named after Stella 鈥淢iles鈥?Franklin, that seeks to recognise female authors and promote their contribution to Australian literature.
The Victorian situation was reported yesterday in Fairfax by Year 10 student Laura Di Blasi 鈥?but the situation is far from being unique to Victoria.
My own count of the texts set by the Board of Studies for the New South Wales (NSW) Higher School Certificate starting in 2015 actually places the number a touch higher, with male authors making up at least 70% of the new curriculum 鈥?which is destined to stay in place until the year 2020.
In South Australia the figure is even worse, with more than 77% of prescribed texts set for the South Australian Certificate of Education being written by men.
A quick glance at the lists of suggested texts published by the School Curriculum and Standards Authority of Western Australia and the draft list from the Tasmanian Qualifications Authority looks similarly disheartening.
The situation is even more depressing when you break the set texts into genres.
In South Australia, in the category of drama, there are an astonishing 14 plays written by men and a pitiful two written by women. In film, which is admittedly a male-dominated industry, there are 15 films directed by men, five directed by women.
Women do marginally better in poetry, with two thirds (18) of the collections written by men and one third (nine) written by women. In prose, the proportions are much the same, with 15 novels penned by men, a mere six by women.
The HSC Prescriptions 2015鈥?0 English Stage 6 in my home state of NSW makes for particularly tragic reading.
New South Wales
Once you burrow down through the modules the picture actually 鈥?if possible 鈥?gets worse. In NSW, it seems that a teacher who is determined, particularly pig-headed or merely indifferent, can actually pick an all male line-up of texts in the common content areas of both standard and advanced courses. It is certainly impossible to pick a complete line-up of women.
Module A, entitled Experience Through Language, Elective 1 鈥?Distinctive Voices 鈥?seems to comes close to a 50:50 split, with six male authors alongside and five women. But Elective 2 in the same category 鈥?Distinctively Visual 鈥?features the work of five men and one female.
Also of concern is the way in which gender experience is skewed. In Extension 1, Module B 鈥?Texts and Ways of Thinking 鈥?there is an elective called After the Bomb which, according to the curriculum, covers the:
period from the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki up to the collapse of the Soviet Union and the dismantling of the Berlin Wall.
Male voices dominate to a stereotypical degree, taking up 80% of the textual choices. Women, apparently, have nothing much to say about bombs, violence or war.
But women do get to outnumber men in Elective 2 鈥?Texts and Ways of Thinking 鈥?which deals with the texts of 鈥?a href=”南宁桑拿网,hsc.csu.edu广西桑拿网,/english/extension1/texts/elect2/3684/romanticism.htm”>Romanticism鈥? This unit looks at 鈥渟pontaneous thought鈥? 鈥渇eeling鈥?and 鈥渃reative yearning鈥? It lists 60% female authors to 40% male 鈥?men, it turns out, are basically strong and silent and therefore have comparatively little to say about 鈥渇eeling鈥?or 鈥測earning鈥?
(Though some ground might be conceded for setting Mary Wollstonecraft鈥檚 Vindication of the Rights of Women 鈥?1790 鈥?in this unit, albeit in truncated form.)
It is Extension 1, Module C 鈥?Language and Values 鈥?that really deserves the prize for chauvinism. Elective 1 鈥?Textual Dynamics 鈥?is said to examine the 鈥渏oy and cleverness of invention鈥?and consists of four texts by men and only one by a woman. Maybe women are deemed to possess little in the way of 鈥渏oy鈥?or 鈥渃leverness鈥?because 80% of the 鈥渓anguage and values鈥?presented in this elective are male.
In a Room of One鈥檚 Own (1929), Virginia Woolf invented a character called Judith who was Shakespeare鈥檚 sister in order to make the argument that a woman with Shakespeare鈥檚 genius would have been denied the same opportunities.
Judith, like Woolf herself, is destined to stay at home while little William goes off to school, although Judith was:
as adventurous, as imaginative, as agog to see the world as he was.
On reading the set texts for senior English, not to mention the texts suggested for Years 7 to 10, the cynically-minded could be forgiven for thinking things have not changed as much as we have been led to expect.
In the 21st century the notion that all the best books are written by men is absurd. Rather, the question is how and why women鈥檚 experience 鈥?and their contributions to English literature 鈥?have been marginalised in terms of the 鈥渒nowledge鈥?that is valued in the curriculum, and in society.
Last month in Victoria, the Stella Prize launched its Schools Program, which features regular school visits from feisty female authors, as well as teaching notes on significant books by Australian women to help teachers come to grips with women鈥檚 texts. The Stella hopes to expand the program nationally.
Language is not just about aesthetics. Books give young readers a way of understanding, being in, and relating to, the world. The experiences presented in women鈥檚 writing are not only important for the growth of girls, they are important for boys.
We are all diminished if the experience and attitudes of only one half of humanity are to be presented and valued.
Camilla Nelson does not work for, consult to, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has no relevant affiliations.
Myanmar’s parliament speaker says the junta-drafted constitution, which bars opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi from becoming president, cannot be changed before elections in November 2015.
The comments by Shwe Mann on Tuesday came days after visiting US President Barack Obama backed Suu Kyi’s attempts to change the charter.
The speaker said a nationwide referendum would be held next May on constitutional changes that are currently being thrashed out amid heated debate in the legislature.
“We cannot perform constitutional amendments straight after the referendum,” Shwe Mann told reporters in the capital Naypyidaw, adding it was “impossible to change (the charter) at this time” because of the scope of the likely changes.
On Monday the powerful military voiced strong opposition to significant changes to the constitution, including clause 59f, which is widely thought to have been written specifically to thwart Suu Kyi.
Legislators will choose a new president after the general election next November.
But the veteran democracy campaigner cannot stand for the top post because the constitution bans those with a foreign spouse or children.
Her late husband and two sons are British.
Next year’s elections are seen as a crucial test of the credibility of reforms begun in 2011, when the junta stepped aside to make way for a quasi-civilian regime that remains dominated by former generals.
Suu Kyi and her National League for Democracy (NLD) party are expected to make big gains at the polls – the first general election they have fought since they swept 1990 polls. The then-junta ignored the result.
But the party has so far declined to put forward an alternative candidate if Suu Kyi, 69, cannot stand for the presidency.
Indigenous are working and earning more, but levels of self-harms within the community are rising significantly, according to a new Productivity Commission report.
The Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage report has shown that economic and health outcomes have improved, post-school qualifications have risen and child mortality rates have fallen.
But justice outcomes have worsened, self-harm has increased and the high rates of juvenile detention have stayed the same.
It鈥檚 been three years since such a detailed report into the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations was released.
The report showed the number of 20 to 24 year olds who have completed year 12 or above has increased from 45 per cent in 2008 to 59 per cent in 2012/13.
The number of adults working towards a post-school qualification is also up from 26 per cent in 2002 to 43 per cent in the same period.
The number of adults whose main income came from work rose from 32 per cent in 2002 to 41 per cent in 2012/13.
There’s been a corresponding decrease in the number of those on income support and an increase in full time jobs and managerial positions.
One of those success stories is Noongar man Michael Hayden who has a civil mining contracting business and a tourism venture in Western Australia. He’s also chairman of an Indigenous construction group.
He said his success was in part due to growing up in a stable family and a university education.
鈥淥nce you see Aboriginal people get the confidence and self-belief that they are part of the economy, you will see a difference in a lot of the social dysfunctions that we have,鈥?he said.
鈥淢y belief is you get an education, you get a job, you get the belief, you start having the opportunities to buy houses, you have disposable income to choose what you can and can’t do, then, as a people, Aboriginal people will start to change more so.”
But the report reveals there is still much trauma within the Indigenous population. The number of adults hospitalised for self-harm rose 48 per cent from 2004/5 to 2012/13.
Those with high or very high levels of psychological distress increased from 27 per cent to 30 per cent over the same period.
Incarceration levels for adults rose 57 per cent between 2000 and 2013, while juvenile detention rates are about 24 times the rate for non-Indigenous youth.
Life expectancy gap narrowed from 11.4 to 10.6 years for men, 9.6 to 9.5 years for women
Mortality rates for children under one have halved over 15 years
Adult (20-64) post-school qualifications increased 17 per cent over 10 years
Adults employed full-time increased 12 per cent over 10 years
Students achieving national minimum standards for reading, writing, numeracy from 2008 to 2013
Family violence rates, alcohol and substance abuse rates
Disability and chronic disease rates
Levels of high psychological distress increased from 27 to 30 per cent since 2004 to 2012
Hospitalisation for self harm increased 48 per cent over same period
Adult imprisonment increased 57 per cent from 2000 to 2013
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